Jan en die boontjierank

Below is the Afrikaans version of Jack and the beanstalk. This is part of a theme to encourage comprehension of Afrikaans.

Jan en die boontjierank

Lank, lank gelede het ‘n seun en sy ma in ‘n klein huisie in ‘n klein dorpie gewoon. Die seun het elke dag skooltoe gegaan en sy ma in die huis gehelp na skool. Sy naam was Jan. Hulle het ‘n kat en ‘n koei gehad en groente in die tuin.

Jan se ma het hom eendag geroep: “Jan gaan asseblief mark toe en verkoop ons koei omdat ons nie meer geld het nie.”

Jan was baie hartseer hieroor maar het geluister na sy ma en die koei mark toe genooi.

By die mark het Jan ‘n ou man gesien en vir hom gevra: “Goeie more Meneer. Wil u dalk my koei koop?”

Die man het na hom gekyk en vir hom gese: “Mmm ek het nie geld nie maar ek kan vir jou hierdie 5 towerboontjies aanbied.

Jan het geantwoord: “Ek is baie jammer Meneer maar my ma het gese dat ek die koei moet verkoop vir geld.”

“Ek het nie geld nie seun. Jy sal nie jammer wees as jy die koei vir hierdie boontjies ruil nie.” Het die ou man met ‘n glimlag gese.

“Goedso Meneer ek sal u ruil.” Antwoord hy en neem die boontjies en gaan huistoe.

By die huis was sy ma baie ongelukkig oor die boontjies en gooi dit by die deur uit. Jan is bed toe met ‘n swaar hart en het gevoel asof hy ‘n groot fout gemaak het. Die volgende oggend was daar ‘n reuse boontjierank buite hulle venster. Toe Jack na dit gekyk het kon hy sy oe nie glo nie. Dit was so breed soos ‘n bus en het tot in die lug gestrek. Hy het besluit om te probeer om dit te klim en het middagete in sy rugsak gepak en begin klim. Hy het geklim en geklim totdat hy by die wolke was. Hy kon dit nie glo toe hy agterkom dat hy op die wolke kon staan nie. Jan het op die wolke gaan staan en begin loop. Hy het geloop vir ‘n rukke en sien toe ‘n reuse kasteel voor hom. Hy het na die voordeur gestap en geklop. Die reuse deur het oopgekreun en ‘n reuse vrou het voor hom gestaan.

“Wie is jy seun?” het die reuse vrou vriendelik gevra.

“My naam is Jan.” Het hy geatwoord.

“Jy het net betyds gekom! Ek dink jy kan my help met iets. Ek moet die hoeke van my kasteel vee maar my besem is te groot. Ek het ‘n kleiner een maar my hande is te groot om dit vas te hou. Kan jy my help asseblief?”

“Ja ek kan Mevrou. Ek help my ma altyd in die huis.” Jan het dadelik begin vee. Dit was ‘n baie groot kasteel en dit het ‘n hele paar ure geneem. Toe hy klaar was het die reuse vrou vir hom ‘n glas lemoensap gegee.

Die reuse vrou het hom toe gevra: “Ek wonder wat ek vir jou kan gee vir al jou hulp? Mmm, laat ek dink. Ah! Ek weet! Ek kan vir jou die hen gee wat goue eiers le as jy belowe om my te kom help een keer per maand om die hoeke van my kasteel te vee?”

“Dit sal nie ‘n probleem wees nie. Baie dankie!” het Jan geantwoord.

Jan het die hoender geneem en af geklim met die boontjierank. Sy ma was baie bly en elke keer wanneer hulle iets nodig het le die hen ‘n goue eier. Tot vandag toe klim Jan die boontjierank een keer per maand om die reuse vrou se kasteel te vee.

Hope you enjoyed the story. Find a comprehension test and vocabulary here.

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My other blogs: Sunflowerfun Pre school Sunflowerfun Primary Sonneblomme, koffie en varkies

Past tense in Afrikaans

I’ve made a “Past tense recipe” to go with our theme of food and cooking.

Past tense is verlede tyd in Afrikaans.

Recipe for Past tense:

Ingredients

  1. Het
  2. Ge+ verb (some verbs need glue –the ge- goes inside the verb)

 

Method

Step 1: Look at the sentence and identify the verb.

Step 2: Verb goes to the end of the sentence and gets a “ge”

Step 3: The person doing the action comes first and then add “het”. (To establish who is doing the action you need to ask the questions: who is doing the action?)

Examples:

Ouma maak kos.

Verb: maak

Ouma het kos gemaak.

Hy loop in die straat.

Verb: loop

Past tense: Hy het in die straat geloop.

Sy hardloop om die baan.

Verb: Sy het om die baan gehardloop.

Descriptive paragraph

Hallo!

 

Keeping with our theme I will discuss methods to write a descriptive paragraph. When you write a descriptive paragraph you can think of it as if you are making a sandwich. For your “descriptive paragraph sandwich” you need two slices of “bread” and two toppings (I chose cheese and polony)

 

Step 1: Make a mind map about the topic.

Step 2: When you have your main ideas a good idea is to get a list of adjectives to include in your paragraph.

Step 3: Now you can start to build your sandwich. The first slice of bread will be your introduction. You need to think of a sentence that will catch the attention of the audience. This is also the introduction to your topic.

 

Step 3: The filling of your sandwich. You need to write one or two sentences about the topic. It is a descriptive paragraph therefore you need to add a lot of adjectives.

 

Step 4: The second slice of bread. This slice covers and ends your filling. It is also bread so it needs to say something that is the same as the first sentence.

 

Enjoy your sandwich!

 

Until next time

 

Amanda

 

Interrogative pronouns/Vraende voornaamwoorde

Hallo,

When asking a question in English we use an interrogative pronoun. The same applies for Afrikaans.

When introducing the topic help your child to recall a pronoun’s function. It is to is to replacea noun or pronoun.  Without pronouns, sentences are could be akward.  Here’s an example.

Sarah was very happy because Sarah baked a beautiful cake.

See how much easier it is when you use a pronoun.

Sarah was very happy because she baked a beautiful cake.

Interrogative Pronouns.

Interrogative pronouns are used when you want to ask a question and is usually written at the beginning of a sentence.

  • Wie het kos gemaak? Who prepared food?
  • Wat het jy gemaak? What did you prepare?
  • Watter kind het pizza gekry? Which child had pizza?
  • Waarom is jy bly? Why are you happy?
  • Waarmee is jy klaar? With what are you finished?

When I was younger and had to do a project my mom always spoke about the five wise men:

  • wie (who)
  • wat (what)
  • waar (where)
  • wanneer (when)
  • hoe (how)

These five words are all interrogative pronouns. An idea to introduce this topic to your child can be to tell him/her about the five wise men and ask your child to answer these five questions when writing a paragraph or sentences about food. In this way your child will remember five interrogative pronouns and write a paragraph about a topic. Tomorrow I will talk about ways to prepare a speech. You ccould use the five wise men when preparing your speech.

If you need more exercises to practice interrogative nouns please let me know in the comments below.

Have a great evening,

Amanda

Introducing vocabulary

Hallo!!

As I said in my previous blog my first theme is going to be food. The reason why I chose this theme is because it is something we all have in common. When I introduce a new theme or vocabulary I try to go from the known into the unknown. For example I wouldn’t show my audience a picture of a fruit they’ve never seen before and then try to teach them the Afrikaans word for it.

Step 1: Decide on words that you would like to introduce. To help you decide on words look through the reading passages that you want to read with your child or in this case the recipes that you are planning to look at. Your child might have a favorite fruit or vegetable and you could include that. Fifteen to twenty words is appropriate for a start. More words can be introduced at a later stage. Your child might enjoy making his or her own dictionary. Any book can be used and the alphabet letters could just be added. (Covering and decorating the book could be a craft project)

Step 2: Once you’ve decided on the words you can give the words and the meanings to your child and look for pictures together and make a “Food poster”. You could also ask your child to find the words in a dictionary by themselves. It is very important that children should know how to use a dictionary from a very young age.

Step 3: For extension activities you could ask your child to make sentences with the words or flashcards to help them learn the words.

To help you get a head start I’ve made a list of words related to food.

English Afrikaans English Afrikaans
Potato Aartappel Pizza Pizza
Carrot Wortel Hamburger Hamburger (different pronunciation)
Onion Ui Chutney Blatjang
Beetroot Beet Tomato sauce Tamatiesous
Tomato Tamatie Macaroni Macaroni
Bread Brood Toast Roosterbrood
Margarine Margarine Fish fingers Visvingers
Butter Botter Eggs Eiers
Cheese Kaas mash Kapokaartappels
Mayonnaise mayonnaise Cup cakes Kolwyntjies
lettuce blaarslaai Fruit salad vrugteslaai

Hope you enjoy the theme. Talk to you tomorrow J

Amanda

 

Our first theme: Food

Hallo!!

Hope you had a great day! For the next three months I am going to try to convey information to you that could help you to master some basic skills in Afrikaans. The aim of this blog is to help you as a parent to help your child with Afrikaans. I don’t have a blog yet aimed at children but might start one if there is a need. Your comments and feedback will be my guide to make this blog as useful to you as possible.

I am assuming that you have a basic knowledge of Afrikaans and Afrikaans vocabulary and I am starting at Grade 6 Afrikaans second language level. The easiest way for me to teach Afrikaans is to do it according to theme. This helps with building vocabulary and language skills and creates a ‘known environment’. The student then feels that there is something known in the unknown.

Here is the outline of the planned blogs for the next few weeks.

Theme 1: Food, cooking and recipes.

  • 21 July My own recipe. Introducing vocabulary. Introducing vocabulary.
  • 22 July Instructions How to give instructions and commands in Afrikaans
  • 23 July Question words How to use question words in Afrikaans
  • 24 July Speech: My own recipe. How to prepare a speech and assess it in Afrikaans.
  •  Plurals
  • ideas for reading

Have a great evening!

Amanda