Past tense in Afrikaans

I’ve made a “Past tense recipe” to go with our theme of food and cooking.

Past tense is verlede tyd in Afrikaans.

Recipe for Past tense:

Ingredients

  1. Het
  2. Ge+ verb (some verbs need glue –the ge- goes inside the verb)

 

Method

Step 1: Look at the sentence and identify the verb.

Step 2: Verb goes to the end of the sentence and gets a “ge”

Step 3: The person doing the action comes first and then add “het”. (To establish who is doing the action you need to ask the questions: who is doing the action?)

Examples:

Ouma maak kos.

Verb: maak

Ouma het kos gemaak.

Hy loop in die straat.

Verb: loop

Past tense: Hy het in die straat geloop.

Sy hardloop om die baan.

Verb: Sy het om die baan gehardloop.

Ideas for reading in Afrikaans

Hallo,

As we all know reading is very important but how to encourage our children to read is a question many parents ask. Below are a few ideas on this topic:

  • Find books that are within your child’s interest. If your child enjoys the topic he will be more willing to read.
  • What usually works for me is to give the child a book that is a bit too easy for him/her to start off with. This encourages the child and gives him/her self-confidence.
  • Have a competition and reward. If your child reads…..books he/she will get ……. Reward.
  • Join your local library. They have great programs to encourage reading.
  • Make a reading corner in your child’s room.

 

Posture when reading

 

When your child reads aloud a good idea is to let him/her sit at a desk with both feet on the floor. The book needs to be lifted from the table in a comfortable position. (Not lying flat on the table) This will enable the child to breathe properly and then have better voice projection.

 

If you need a list of websites with good Afrikaans books please contact me. Find me on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/groups/1442849042660058/ or Twitter @AmandaCalitz

 

Write to you soon

Amanda

 

 

Plurals in Afrikaans

Hallo

In Afrikaans there are some words with plurals and some without. A guideline is that only names for things you can count gets plurals in Afrikaans (eg. Tomato, potato, cake etc.) For things you cannot count (you need to weigh it or use some other form of measurement) doesn’t have a plural (water, maize etc)

 

Singular Plural Doesn’t have a plural
Koffie (coffee)   Koffie
Tee (tea)   Tee
Tamatie (tomato) Tamaties  
Aartappel (potato) Aartappels  
Koek (cake) Koeke  
Vrug (fruit) Vrugte  
Melk (milk)   Melk
Tamatiesous (tomatosauce)   Tamatiesous
Perske (peach) Perskes  
Piesang (banana) Piesangs  
Olie (oil)   Olie
Brood (bread) Brode  

Write to you soon

Amanda

Speech (continued)

Hallo,

In the previous blog I’ve conveyed ideas on preparing a speech.  Assessment of your child’s work is very important. This will help you to identify areas of development. The best way to do this is by using a rubric. In this way you can pinpoint these areas.

Below is an example of such a rubric. On the left you will find the different criteria and then you need to circle the mark you allocate for each criteria. You then add everything together and you’ll have your mark:

Kriteria (criteria) Nie bemeester (not achieved) Gedeeltelik bemeester (partly achieved) Bemeester (achieved)
Organisasie en aanbieding (organization and presentation) 1 2 3-4
Verstaanbare taalstrukture en taalgebruik (Language structures understandable) 1 2 3-4
Vermoe om idees betekenisvol te kommunikeer (Communicate ideas well) 1 2 3-4
Stemkontrole (voice control) 1 2 3-4
Liggaamshouding (posture) 1 2 3-4

Totaal 20/2= 10

Write to you soon

Amanda

Speech/ Toespraak

Good day

Today I’m talking about a topic that most learners fear: public speaking or making a speech. As I’ve said before I’ve found that the way you introduce a topic makes all the difference.

As part of curriculum it is required that a speech needs to be assessed each term. (Some curriculums require two speeches) For this theme I suggest a speech with the theme “Masterchef” (In Afrikaans that would be “Kookkompetisie” or “My famillie kook”. If you have more than one child you could stage a cooking show with them and you can be the judge or why don’t you invite friends over and everybody can “compete” against each other. The assignment you can give your child is to explain how to make coffee, tea or a sandwich. Your child needs to present to you the steps for making either coffee, tea or a sandwich. To make it more fun you can make a chef’s hat and apron.

To help you I’ve already translated some instructions for making coffee or tea:

Tea

Goeie more my naam is Chef …………………. Vandag gaan ek vir julle wys hoe om tee te maak. (Good morning my name is Chef …….. Today I’m going to show you how to make tea)

Bestanddele (Ingredients)

Tee (tee)

Suiker (sugar)

Melk (milk)

Kookwater (boiling water)

Stap 1: Tap die ketel vol water.Skakel die ketel aan. (Fill the kettle with water and switch it on)

Stap 2: Plaas die teesakkie in die beker. (Put the tea bag in the mug)

Stap 3: Gooi suiker in. Besluit hoeveel lepels suiker jy nodig het. (Add sugar. Decide how many spoons you need)

Stap 4: Gooi die kookwater in die beker en roer. (Pour the boiling water in the kettle and stir)

Stap 6: Voeg melk by. (Add milk)

Stap 7: Geniet. (enjoy)

Koffie

Goeie more my naam is Chef …………………. Vandag gaan ek vir julle wys hoe om koffie te maak. (Good morning my name is Chef …….. Today I’m going to show you how to make koffie)

Bestanddele (Ingredients)

Koffie (tee)

Suiker (sugar)

Melk (milk)

Kookwater (boiling water)

Stap 1: Tap die ketel vol water.Skakel die ketel aan. (Fill the kettle with water and switch it on)

Stap 2: Gooi ‘n teelepel koffie in die beker. (Add a teaspoon of coffee to the mug)

Stap 3: Gooi suiker in. Besluit hoeveel lepels suiker jy nodig het. (Add sugar. Decide how many spoons you need)

Stap 4: Gooi die kookwater in die beker en roer. (Pour the boiling water in the kettle and stir)

Stap 6: Voeg melk by. (Add milk)

Stap 7: Geniet. (enjoy)

I’ll post another blog later regarding assessment.

Have a great day,

Amanda

Interrogative pronouns/Vraende voornaamwoorde

Hallo,

When asking a question in English we use an interrogative pronoun. The same applies for Afrikaans.

When introducing the topic help your child to recall a pronoun’s function. It is to is to replacea noun or pronoun.  Without pronouns, sentences are could be akward.  Here’s an example.

Sarah was very happy because Sarah baked a beautiful cake.

See how much easier it is when you use a pronoun.

Sarah was very happy because she baked a beautiful cake.

Interrogative Pronouns.

Interrogative pronouns are used when you want to ask a question and is usually written at the beginning of a sentence.

  • Wie het kos gemaak? Who prepared food?
  • Wat het jy gemaak? What did you prepare?
  • Watter kind het pizza gekry? Which child had pizza?
  • Waarom is jy bly? Why are you happy?
  • Waarmee is jy klaar? With what are you finished?

When I was younger and had to do a project my mom always spoke about the five wise men:

  • wie (who)
  • wat (what)
  • waar (where)
  • wanneer (when)
  • hoe (how)

These five words are all interrogative pronouns. An idea to introduce this topic to your child can be to tell him/her about the five wise men and ask your child to answer these five questions when writing a paragraph or sentences about food. In this way your child will remember five interrogative pronouns and write a paragraph about a topic. Tomorrow I will talk about ways to prepare a speech. You ccould use the five wise men when preparing your speech.

If you need more exercises to practice interrogative nouns please let me know in the comments below.

Have a great evening,

Amanda

Introducing vocabulary

Hallo!!

As I said in my previous blog my first theme is going to be food. The reason why I chose this theme is because it is something we all have in common. When I introduce a new theme or vocabulary I try to go from the known into the unknown. For example I wouldn’t show my audience a picture of a fruit they’ve never seen before and then try to teach them the Afrikaans word for it.

Step 1: Decide on words that you would like to introduce. To help you decide on words look through the reading passages that you want to read with your child or in this case the recipes that you are planning to look at. Your child might have a favorite fruit or vegetable and you could include that. Fifteen to twenty words is appropriate for a start. More words can be introduced at a later stage. Your child might enjoy making his or her own dictionary. Any book can be used and the alphabet letters could just be added. (Covering and decorating the book could be a craft project)

Step 2: Once you’ve decided on the words you can give the words and the meanings to your child and look for pictures together and make a “Food poster”. You could also ask your child to find the words in a dictionary by themselves. It is very important that children should know how to use a dictionary from a very young age.

Step 3: For extension activities you could ask your child to make sentences with the words or flashcards to help them learn the words.

To help you get a head start I’ve made a list of words related to food.

English Afrikaans English Afrikaans
Potato Aartappel Pizza Pizza
Carrot Wortel Hamburger Hamburger (different pronunciation)
Onion Ui Chutney Blatjang
Beetroot Beet Tomato sauce Tamatiesous
Tomato Tamatie Macaroni Macaroni
Bread Brood Toast Roosterbrood
Margarine Margarine Fish fingers Visvingers
Butter Botter Eggs Eiers
Cheese Kaas mash Kapokaartappels
Mayonnaise mayonnaise Cup cakes Kolwyntjies
lettuce blaarslaai Fruit salad vrugteslaai

Hope you enjoy the theme. Talk to you tomorrow J

Amanda