Afrikaans grade 6 Test FAL

Skryf die volgende as bevelsinne:

  1. Eet jou kos. _____________________________
  2. Skryf in jou boek. ____________________________

Skryf die regte voornaamwoorde:

  1. Sarie maak vir Sarie tee. _________________________-
  2. Gert maak vir Gert kos. _________________________
  3. Die onderwyser skryf in die onderwyser se boek. _________________________

Skryf die regte byword(opposite)

  1. Hy hardloop nie vinnig nie hy hardloop __________

Meervoude

Enkelvoud Meervoud Het nie ‘n meervoud
Water    
Melk    
Suiker    
Koffie    
Appel    
Tamatie    

Nie-ontkenning

Skryf in die nie-ontkenning

  1. Hy eet sy kos. ____________________________________
  2. Ek drink melk. ____________________________________
  3. Hy loop in die straat. _______________________________

Find the memo here.

Past tense in Afrikaans

I’ve made a “Past tense recipe” to go with our theme of food and cooking.

Past tense is verlede tyd in Afrikaans.

Recipe for Past tense:

Ingredients

  1. Het
  2. Ge+ verb (some verbs need glue –the ge- goes inside the verb)

 

Method

Step 1: Look at the sentence and identify the verb.

Step 2: Verb goes to the end of the sentence and gets a “ge”

Step 3: The person doing the action comes first and then add “het”. (To establish who is doing the action you need to ask the questions: who is doing the action?)

Examples:

Ouma maak kos.

Verb: maak

Ouma het kos gemaak.

Hy loop in die straat.

Verb: loop

Past tense: Hy het in die straat geloop.

Sy hardloop om die baan.

Verb: Sy het om die baan gehardloop.

Descriptive paragraph

Hallo!

 

Keeping with our theme I will discuss methods to write a descriptive paragraph. When you write a descriptive paragraph you can think of it as if you are making a sandwich. For your “descriptive paragraph sandwich” you need two slices of “bread” and two toppings (I chose cheese and polony)

 

Step 1: Make a mind map about the topic.

Step 2: When you have your main ideas a good idea is to get a list of adjectives to include in your paragraph.

Step 3: Now you can start to build your sandwich. The first slice of bread will be your introduction. You need to think of a sentence that will catch the attention of the audience. This is also the introduction to your topic.

 

Step 3: The filling of your sandwich. You need to write one or two sentences about the topic. It is a descriptive paragraph therefore you need to add a lot of adjectives.

 

Step 4: The second slice of bread. This slice covers and ends your filling. It is also bread so it needs to say something that is the same as the first sentence.

 

Enjoy your sandwich!

 

Until next time

 

Amanda

 

Ideas for reading in Afrikaans

Hallo,

As we all know reading is very important but how to encourage our children to read is a question many parents ask. Below are a few ideas on this topic:

  • Find books that are within your child’s interest. If your child enjoys the topic he will be more willing to read.
  • What usually works for me is to give the child a book that is a bit too easy for him/her to start off with. This encourages the child and gives him/her self-confidence.
  • Have a competition and reward. If your child reads…..books he/she will get ……. Reward.
  • Join your local library. They have great programs to encourage reading.
  • Make a reading corner in your child’s room.

 

Posture when reading

 

When your child reads aloud a good idea is to let him/her sit at a desk with both feet on the floor. The book needs to be lifted from the table in a comfortable position. (Not lying flat on the table) This will enable the child to breathe properly and then have better voice projection.

 

If you need a list of websites with good Afrikaans books please contact me. Find me on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/groups/1442849042660058/ or Twitter @AmandaCalitz

 

Write to you soon

Amanda

 

 

Plurals in Afrikaans

Hallo

In Afrikaans there are some words with plurals and some without. A guideline is that only names for things you can count gets plurals in Afrikaans (eg. Tomato, potato, cake etc.) For things you cannot count (you need to weigh it or use some other form of measurement) doesn’t have a plural (water, maize etc)

 

Singular Plural Doesn’t have a plural
Koffie (coffee)   Koffie
Tee (tea)   Tee
Tamatie (tomato) Tamaties  
Aartappel (potato) Aartappels  
Koek (cake) Koeke  
Vrug (fruit) Vrugte  
Melk (milk)   Melk
Tamatiesous (tomatosauce)   Tamatiesous
Perske (peach) Perskes  
Piesang (banana) Piesangs  
Olie (oil)   Olie
Brood (bread) Brode  

Write to you soon

Amanda

Speech (continued)

Hallo,

In the previous blog I’ve conveyed ideas on preparing a speech.  Assessment of your child’s work is very important. This will help you to identify areas of development. The best way to do this is by using a rubric. In this way you can pinpoint these areas.

Below is an example of such a rubric. On the left you will find the different criteria and then you need to circle the mark you allocate for each criteria. You then add everything together and you’ll have your mark:

Kriteria (criteria) Nie bemeester (not achieved) Gedeeltelik bemeester (partly achieved) Bemeester (achieved)
Organisasie en aanbieding (organization and presentation) 1 2 3-4
Verstaanbare taalstrukture en taalgebruik (Language structures understandable) 1 2 3-4
Vermoe om idees betekenisvol te kommunikeer (Communicate ideas well) 1 2 3-4
Stemkontrole (voice control) 1 2 3-4
Liggaamshouding (posture) 1 2 3-4

Totaal 20/2= 10

Write to you soon

Amanda

Speech/ Toespraak

Good day

Today I’m talking about a topic that most learners fear: public speaking or making a speech. As I’ve said before I’ve found that the way you introduce a topic makes all the difference.

As part of curriculum it is required that a speech needs to be assessed each term. (Some curriculums require two speeches) For this theme I suggest a speech with the theme “Masterchef” (In Afrikaans that would be “Kookkompetisie” or “My famillie kook”. If you have more than one child you could stage a cooking show with them and you can be the judge or why don’t you invite friends over and everybody can “compete” against each other. The assignment you can give your child is to explain how to make coffee, tea or a sandwich. Your child needs to present to you the steps for making either coffee, tea or a sandwich. To make it more fun you can make a chef’s hat and apron.

To help you I’ve already translated some instructions for making coffee or tea:

Tea

Goeie more my naam is Chef …………………. Vandag gaan ek vir julle wys hoe om tee te maak. (Good morning my name is Chef …….. Today I’m going to show you how to make tea)

Bestanddele (Ingredients)

Tee (tee)

Suiker (sugar)

Melk (milk)

Kookwater (boiling water)

Stap 1: Tap die ketel vol water.Skakel die ketel aan. (Fill the kettle with water and switch it on)

Stap 2: Plaas die teesakkie in die beker. (Put the tea bag in the mug)

Stap 3: Gooi suiker in. Besluit hoeveel lepels suiker jy nodig het. (Add sugar. Decide how many spoons you need)

Stap 4: Gooi die kookwater in die beker en roer. (Pour the boiling water in the kettle and stir)

Stap 6: Voeg melk by. (Add milk)

Stap 7: Geniet. (enjoy)

Koffie

Goeie more my naam is Chef …………………. Vandag gaan ek vir julle wys hoe om koffie te maak. (Good morning my name is Chef …….. Today I’m going to show you how to make koffie)

Bestanddele (Ingredients)

Koffie (tee)

Suiker (sugar)

Melk (milk)

Kookwater (boiling water)

Stap 1: Tap die ketel vol water.Skakel die ketel aan. (Fill the kettle with water and switch it on)

Stap 2: Gooi ‘n teelepel koffie in die beker. (Add a teaspoon of coffee to the mug)

Stap 3: Gooi suiker in. Besluit hoeveel lepels suiker jy nodig het. (Add sugar. Decide how many spoons you need)

Stap 4: Gooi die kookwater in die beker en roer. (Pour the boiling water in the kettle and stir)

Stap 6: Voeg melk by. (Add milk)

Stap 7: Geniet. (enjoy)

I’ll post another blog later regarding assessment.

Have a great day,

Amanda

Interrogative pronouns/Vraende voornaamwoorde

Hallo,

When asking a question in English we use an interrogative pronoun. The same applies for Afrikaans.

When introducing the topic help your child to recall a pronoun’s function. It is to is to replacea noun or pronoun.  Without pronouns, sentences are could be akward.  Here’s an example.

Sarah was very happy because Sarah baked a beautiful cake.

See how much easier it is when you use a pronoun.

Sarah was very happy because she baked a beautiful cake.

Interrogative Pronouns.

Interrogative pronouns are used when you want to ask a question and is usually written at the beginning of a sentence.

  • Wie het kos gemaak? Who prepared food?
  • Wat het jy gemaak? What did you prepare?
  • Watter kind het pizza gekry? Which child had pizza?
  • Waarom is jy bly? Why are you happy?
  • Waarmee is jy klaar? With what are you finished?

When I was younger and had to do a project my mom always spoke about the five wise men:

  • wie (who)
  • wat (what)
  • waar (where)
  • wanneer (when)
  • hoe (how)

These five words are all interrogative pronouns. An idea to introduce this topic to your child can be to tell him/her about the five wise men and ask your child to answer these five questions when writing a paragraph or sentences about food. In this way your child will remember five interrogative pronouns and write a paragraph about a topic. Tomorrow I will talk about ways to prepare a speech. You ccould use the five wise men when preparing your speech.

If you need more exercises to practice interrogative nouns please let me know in the comments below.

Have a great evening,

Amanda

Giving commands in Afrikaans

afrikaans is fun

Hallo

Today I want to talk about giving commands in Afrikaans. This new skill can be introduced by using simple examples. Before we continue here are some vocabulary that might be useful:

Exclamation mark- uitroepteken

Capital letter-hoofletter

Command sentence- bevelsin

 

A command sentence in Afrikaans starts with a verb and ends with an exclamation mark or full stop.

 

Here are some examples of command sentences:

Gooi die kookwater by die koffie! (Add water to the coffee (granules))

Drink jou koffie! (Drink your coffee)

Eet jou toebroodjie! (Eat your sandwich) The verbs are highlighted in bold and italic.

 

All of us need to make coffee, a sandwich or pour a glass of milk at some stage every day. An idea is to make a flashcard or poster (even a post-it) and put it up in your kitchen. On the poster you can write the Afrikaans command sentences to use when you make coffee etc.

 

If you’d like me to write down the steps to make coffee, tea, a sandwich etc. in a next blog please let me know via e-mail or leave a comment below.

 

Tomorrow I’ll be talking about question words. Have a good evening,

Amanda